New India National Education Policy 2020

New India National Education Policy 2020

New Education Policy: Highlights

Outcomes of NEP 2020

* Universalization from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4
* Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025
* 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030
* Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023
* Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030
* Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge
* Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill
* Common Standards of Learning in Public & Private Schools

Major Reforms: School Education
 

  • Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning
  • Mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th grade
  • Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements
  • National mission to focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy
  • Major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams
  • All separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed


* New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education
* Board Examination will be Low Stakes, Based on Knowledge Application
* Medium of Instruction till at least Grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in Home Language/ Mother tongue/ Regional Language
* 360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child
* Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes
* National assessment center - PARAKH
* NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission TO HEIs
* National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
* Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
* Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability
* Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
* National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
* 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
* Curriculum to integrate 21st Century Skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific temper
* No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
* Education of Gifted Children
* Gender Inclusion Fund
* KGBVs upto Grade 12
* Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts
* Vocational integration from Class 6 onwards


Use of Technology

* Us of Technology in
* Education Planning
* Teaching Learning & Assessment
* Administration & Management
* Regulation- Self Disclosure & Minimum Human Interface
* Increasing Access for Disadvantaged Groups
* Divyang Friendly Education Software
* e-Content in Regional Language
* Virtual Labs
* National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
* Digitally Equipping Schools, Teachers and Students

* Graded Autonomy: Academic, Administrative & Financial
* Phasing out Affiliation System in 15 years
* National Mission on Mentoring
* Independent Board of Governors (BoG)
* Single Regulator for Higher Education (excluding Legal and Medical)
* On-line Self Disclosure based Transparent System for Approvals in place of 'Inspections'
* Common Norms for Public and Private HEIs
* Private Philanthropic Partnership
* Fee fixation within Board Regulatory Framework
* Public Investment in Education Sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest

Major Reforms: Higher Education
* 50% Gross Enrolment Ration by 2035
* Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education- Flexibility of Subjects
* Multiple Entry/Exit
* UG Programme - 3 or 4 years
* PG pgrogramme - 1 or 2 years
* Integrated 5 year bachelor's/Master's
* M Phil to be discontinued
* Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
* HEIs: Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting College
*Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)
* The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years
* The country got the education policy after 34 years
* The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM himself, has approved the Draft of National Education Policy today morning.
* The Cabinet has also accepted the puposal of changing name of MHRD to Education Ministry.
* The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower.

Evolution of Education Policy

* University Education Commissioin (1948-49)
* Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)

 


* Education Commissiion (1964-66) under Dr. D. S. Kothari

 


* National Policy on Education, 1968

 


* 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976- Education in Concurrent List

 


* National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986